Project 3- Option 3

November 7, 2018 |  Tagged | Comments Off on Project 3- Option 3

1 Leave a comment on paragraph 1 0 Diana Lumaque

2 Leave a comment on paragraph 2 0 HIS 799

3 Leave a comment on paragraph 3 0 Project 3-

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8 Leave a comment on paragraph 8 0 Since the Reconstruction Era of 1877, African Americans in America have endured systematic racism. Experiences of African American males have always been told in history books, more so than the experiences of African American women. The faces of the Civil Rights Movement were male-dominated; however, women were the backbone of the movement. In fact, many were given roles but were never the spokesperson for the movement. Many women served as event planners, secretaries, and file clerks. Some women performed multiple duties for numerous NAACP chapters.

9 Leave a comment on paragraph 9 0 Popular history is now portraying the bare minimal experiences of female civil rights activist. Movies such as Hidden Figures, A Long Walk Home with Whoopi Goldberg, and The Help somewhat provides popular history a visual aspect of their hardships. Still, the fact of the matter lies that many are forgotten and few are publicly recognized for their work. American history has recently begun to include the stories of minorities and women. Unfortunately, the memory of the marginalized is just emerging. For African American women, their history is gradually becoming known and recorded but still has a long way to go.

10 Leave a comment on paragraph 10 0 There are some scholarly monographs such as Zita Allen’s Black Women Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement considers the years of 1900-1950 as the building blocks of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. Allen categorizes the different stages of specific time frames (1900-1950) and the emergence of several leading African American Women, yet the author insists that their stories have been neglected in history. The author’s publication explores the presence and contribution of African American Women in every significant event leading to the 1960s Civil Rights Movement. Black women have been instrumental in their involvement in their organizations and co-ed organizations.

11 Leave a comment on paragraph 11 0 The book includes the monumental moment of the March on Washington. The historical narrative is an interesting opener that displayed the exclusion of African American female activist during the pivotal moment. The reoccurring argument attacks historian’s traditional studies of the Civil Rights Movement and the lack of recognition given to African American Women. The absence of female African American activist does raise questions. Women were individuals who organized and assisted African American men behind the scenes of every major civil rights event. However, African American women before and during the civil rights protesters have been submissive to male leadership of the mass civil rights protest.

12 Leave a comment on paragraph 12 0 Struggles of African American women occurred prior to 1877 have been recorded in books written under the different alias for African American women’s protection. African American women have been silent sufferers since the beginning of slavery in America. A woman and a minority meant they subjected to being powerless as a woman and discriminated against because of her face. Born Isabella Baumfree, but known as Sojourner Truth to the American history was the first African American female to document the experiences of enslaved women through speeches, print, and among other methods.

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14 Leave a comment on paragraph 14 0 Growing up units taught on the Civil Rights Movement included dominant figures such as Martin Luther King Jr., Thurgood Marshall, and Malcolm X. More so, it was taught in a positive light ignoring the realistic, or rather negative experiences, which would have to provide empathy and an in-depth knowledge. The Civil Rights Movements was presented as a victorious and glamorous mass movement that is far from the uncomfortable truths of its building years. The contributions of female civil right activist seem forgotten. It was not until college that the contributions of African American women were revealed.

15 Leave a comment on paragraph 15 0 Why has history forgotten about important females during the Civil Rights Movement? Only one woman is recognizable to public and modern history, Rosa Parks. Parks is famously known for her refusal of giving up her seat, however, she had a political career prior to and after the Civil Rights Movement which is unbeknownst to the general American public. It’s significant for, I as a Black woman to know one’s history to possess knowledge of one’s circumstances. Scholarly monographs are very necessary for understanding the stories of those who made it necessary to defeat institutionalize and systematic racism.

16 Leave a comment on paragraph 16 0 During the early years of my college career as an undergraduate, I have always found women’s history, specifically the experience of minority women in America fascinating. I completed an undergraduate honors paper on the experience of African American female activists. Although I am Haitian-American, the experience of African American women’s history during the Civil Rights Era is important and should be known. The emergence of racism and sexism combined revealed the double consciousness faced by African American Women. While African American women were huge advocates of the Civil Rights Movement, they also formed separate organizations whose focus pertained to the struggles of African American women.

17 Leave a comment on paragraph 17 0 Furthermore, growing up I have read a memoir, autobiographies, and other non-fiction historical books. In college, two books, in particular, were read. Danielle McGuire’s “At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance–A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power,” discusses the work of female activist against political tools of terror such as sexual violence, lynching’s, and among other things. Another book read was a memoir by female activist Dorothy Height. Height is the invisible historical actor of the Civil Rights Movement who organized Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s “March on Washington.” Other women read of were include Fannie Lou Mae, Rosa Parks, and Jo Ann Robinson has contributed to the Civil Rights Movement.

18 Leave a comment on paragraph 18 0 In fact, it was female activists who sparked the Civil Rights Movement with the start of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The famed Bus Boycott can be classified as a women’s movement since it women organized and executed the mass protest. It’s also interesting to note that the women were college educated and most were professors. History reveals that most African American women performed menial jobs. The recording of accomplishments into prestige professions is barely known in historical writings. Some individuals in the Southern states were African American community belonged to the upper working class. There were those, despite the odds, who were achieved upward economic mobility.

19 Leave a comment on paragraph 19 0 In the 1960s and onward, African American women gained notoriety in their efforts in the legitimization of race and gender issues. Unfortunately, back then, women were forced from opponents to accept and advocate issues pertaining to “race” or “gender” discrimination. The blended categorizes was unfathomable to the generation of the times. These female activists used politics to show the issues of race and gender intersect to convey the struggles of African American women since the freedom of most African Americans dating back to the era of Reconstruction (1877).

20 Leave a comment on paragraph 20 0 Female-led organizations sought to provide African American women’s with a platform to present the struggle for civil rights and gender rights. Unfortunately, most female activists found success and public attention when attached to male-dominated organizations. The numerous co-ed organizations, often times than most, kept African American women as shadows behind male leadership. During my research of African American female activists, I have discovered there are emerging scholarly journals and monographs that are gradually presenting the works of careers in civil rights activism. My honors paper focused on the Montgomery Bus Boycott. This event is considered monumental because it ultimately led to the Civil Rights Movement. However, this movement deserves its own separate attention.

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23 Leave a comment on paragraph 23 0 #QCHistoryEngages

24 Leave a comment on paragraph 24 0 @DianaLumaque


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